Job Announcement: National Institutes of Health

Joseph J. Kinyoun, MD (1860-1919): Historical/Archival Research Project

The Office of History and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious
Diseases (NIAID) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are looking
for an early career historian to work on the recently discovered papers of
Joseph J. Kinyoun.

Kinyoun was a key figure in the history of late 19th and early 20th century
American life sciences. From his base in the Marine Hospital Service
(MHS), in 1887 Kinyoun, then a young MHS physician trained in the new bacteriological
methods, set up a one-room laboratory in the Marine Hospital at Stapleton,
Staten Island, New York, commonly regarded as the forerunner of the NIH and
NIAID. Kinyoun called this facility a “laboratory of hygiene” in
imitation of German facilities, and to indicate that the laboratory’s purpose was to
serve the public’s health. Within a few months, Kinyoun had identified the cholera
bacillus in suspicious cases and used his Zeiss microscope to demonstrate it to
his colleagues as confirmation of their clinical diagnoses. “As the
symptoms . . . were by no means well defined,” he wrote, “the examinations
were confirmatory evidence of the value of bacteria cultivation as a
means of positive diagnosis.” Kinyoun went on to play major roles in other epidemics,
notably of bubonic plague in San Francisco. He helped to establish scientific
infectious disease control and microbiology in the U.S.

The goal of the project is two-fold: 1) to assemble in a systematic
manner the major repository for primary sources related to Kinyoun and his work; 2) to
develop Web-based exhibits on Kinyoun, his career, and his life and
times. The historian would be supervised by Robert Martensen, MD, PhD and David
Cantor, PhD, respectively Director and Deputy Director of the Office of NIH
History & Museum. The incumbent would also work closely with History Office
Archivist Barbara Harkins and Hank Grasso, who is responsible for Museum
interpretive materials. At NIAID, the incumbent would work with David M.
Morens, MD (OD/NIAID).

The incumbent will be expected to present his/her findings in public
presentations (including the 125th anniversary of NIAID and NIH in 2012) and
to publish his/her findings in appropriate venues, such as the American
Journal of Public Health. She/he would participate in the active seminar program of
the History Office: http://history.nih.gov/about/seminars.html.

The appointment would be for two years, subject to review after the first 12
months. Support would be based on the IRTA scale for post-doctoral
appointments and be provided by NIAID. The successful applicant should have
their PhD or equivalent by the time he/she takes up the appointment.

APPLICATION DEADLINE: APRIL 26, 2010

Instructions

Send the following materials via email to David Cantor, PhD –
cantord@mail.nih.gov.

1. Your full name and contact information
2. A statement setting out your qualifications for undertaking this
project, and
how you see an historical/archival project on Kinyoun advancing historical
scholarship. The statement should be no more than 2 pages in length (single
spaced).
3. Your curriculum vitae
4. Names, addresses, and affiliations of two people who will provide
reference
letters

Send the following materials via regular mail to David Cantor, PhD:

5. Graduate transcripts.
6. Letters of reference NOTE: Please inform the two references who will
write
in support of your application that they may submit their letters
initially via
email to David Cantor, but that these letters must be received before the
deadline, and that hard copies on institutional letterhead stationery must
follow for your application to be considered.

Please send documents to the address listed below:

David Cantor, PhD.,
Kinyoun Project
Office of History,
Building 45, Room 3AN38 | MSC 6330
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, MD 20892-6330
http://history.nih.gov/about/Cantor.html

Published in: on February 26, 2010 at 9:56 am  Leave a Comment  

Book announcement: The Politics of Health in Senegal

Dear WHOMers,

This is a book by a friend who is a medical anthropologist with definite historical leanings who works on women’s health in Senegal.
Best wishes,
Elise

Elise Audrey Carpenter
School of Medicine, Class of 2010
Ph.D., History and Sociology of Science
University of Pennsylvania

———————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Politics of Health in Senegal

Your Pocket is What Cures You: The Politics of Health in Senegal

Ellen E. Foley

Rutgers University Press

Paper $23.95 | ISBN 978-0-8135-4668-1

Cloth $72.00 | ISBN 978-0-8135-4667-4 | 204 pages | 6 x 9

Publication: January 2010

In the wake of structural adjustment programs in the 1980s and health
reforms in the 1990s, the majority of sub-Saharan African governments
spend less than ten dollars per capita on health annually, and many
Africans have limited access to basic medical care. Using a
community-level approach, Your Pocket is What Cures You: The Politics
of Health in Senegal (Rutgers University Press January 2010), by
anthropologist Ellen E. Foley, analyzes the implementation of global
health policies and how they become intertwined with existing social
and political inequalities in Senegal.

“Your Pocket is What Cures You” examines qualitative shifts in health
and healing spurred by these reforms, and analyzes the dilemmas they
create for health professionals and patients alike. It also explores
how cultural frameworks, particularly those stemming from Islam and
Wolof ethnomedicine, are central to understanding how people manage
vulnerability to ill health.

While offering a critique of neoliberal health policies, “Your Pocket
is What Cures You” remains grounded in ethnography to highlight the
struggles of men and women who are precariously balanced on twin
precipices of crumbling health systems and economic decline. Their
stories demonstrate what happens when market-based health reforms
collide with material, political, and social realities in African
societies.

A VOLUME IN THE STUDIES IN MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES

Edited by Mac Marshall

Ellen E. Foley, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
International Development and Social Change
Clark Universiy
950 Main St.
Worcester, MA 01610
Tel. 508-421-3815
E-mail: efoley@clarku.edu

Published in: on February 8, 2010 at 10:51 am  Leave a Comment  

Query: 50th Anniversary of the Pill

Friends and Colleagues:

On Mothers Day this year (believe it or not) the media and others will be commemorating the 50th anniversary of the approval of Enovid, the first “Pill” allowed to be labeled for contraceptive purposes.  FDA will be preparing briefing packets for the media and some of you who have written on the subject may be contacted as per my recommendations to the FDA Office of Public Affairs.  If you are interested in being included in my list of potential interviewees, please let me know.

The FDA History Office has also been tasked with creating an “in-house” exhibit to commemorate the event and educate our own employees and others.  Plans are for it to serve as a foundation for creation of a virtual exhibit on the Internet.  Our most pressing problem is a lack of visually stimulating materials for the exhibit.  We have the NDA, some product labeling, a few ads past and present, a few dial paks but not much more that would draw anyone’s immediate interest.  A friend used a picture of the Pope in an exhibit they did on contraception, but I don’t think that is an option for us!

I would very much appreciate your assistance in helping us to locate ANYTHING that might relate to the Pill, or the era in which it was approved, which would be suitable for the exhibit — visual impact is important.    We can borrow or buy depending on the owner’s preference.  Ideas and suggestions are also welcome — it is possible that we can create facsimiles of things that people know about from the era but do not possess.

Thanks in advance and I can keep anyone interested in the loop as the plans for the anniversary and the exhibit evolve.

Suzanne Junod
301-827-3759

** Please note that my e-mail address has changed:   it is now Suzanne.Junod@fda.hhs.gov

Published in: on February 5, 2010 at 9:26 am  Comments (8)  

Book Announcement: Prescribed Norms

Hello colleagues:

I’d like to take the opportunity to announce my new book, Prescribed Norms: Women and Health in Canada and the United States since 1800, which has just been published by University of Toronto Press.

Here’s the link.

Sorry I haven’t been able to attend the conference as yet and meet many of you, but I have certainly enjoyed your work over the years.

Best wishes,

Cheryl Warsh

Cheryl Krasnick Warsh, PhD

Professor of History & Editor-in-Chief

Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la médecine

Vancouver Island University

900 Fifth Street, Nanaimo, B.C. V9R 5S5

Phone:  250-753-3245 x. 2113 (office)

x. 2016 (journal)

Fax:      250-740-6459

E-mail:  cheryl.warsh@viu.ca

Published in: on February 5, 2010 at 9:22 am  Leave a Comment  

Article on Egyptian midwives

Dear WHOM Colleagues,

In case you want to add some global dimension to your teaching on women’s healthcare, a wonderful study on Egyptian midwives is available for free access:

Off to Work At Home: Egyptian Midwives Blur Public-Private Boundaries

Author: Abugideiri, Hibba

Source: Hawwa , Volume 6, Number 3, 2008 , pp. 254-283(30)

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/brill/haw/2008/00000006/00000003/art00002

Also, in case the word isn’t spreading, all issues of Medical History are now available for open access on PubMed Central.  (Lots of other medical journals are there, too, and some older ones have valuable medical-historical pieces.)

Happy teaching!

Monica Green

Professor of History

Arizona State University

Tempe, AZ  85287-4302

Monica.green@asu.edu

Published in: on February 3, 2010 at 4:38 pm  Leave a Comment  

Looking for Panelists: Berkshire Conference

Dear WHOMers,

I’m interested in developing a panel for the next “Big Berks” conference of women historians, which is meeting at UMass Amherst in June, 2011.  The theme of the conference is Generations, and I’m interested in exploring issues of sex, gender, race and labor surrounding generation using assisted reproductive technologies.

My own work examines the history of sperm banks in the United States, and in particular, looks at the interplay between medicine and the law as artificial insemination by donor, the first ART, moved from the shadows to the internet.  With possible unifying themes of commodification and markets in body and body products, eugenics and race, the changing notions of maternity, paternity and families, as well as the interplay between veterinary medicine and human medicine, I could imagine a panel shaped in several ways, depending on interest.  Please contact me at kara.swanson@drexel.edu no later than Feb. 15, 2010 if you are interested, and feel free to pass this message along to anyone you know who might be interested.  Berks panels need to have a chair and a discussant, as well as presenters, so if you are interested in the topic and/or in attending Berks, but don’t want to commit to presenting a paper, I’d love to hear from you as well.

For those unfamiliar with Berks,  Berks particularly and specifically welcomes non-historians, as well as independent scholars, students, filmmakers.  The CFP is http://www.berksconference.org/

Cheers,

Kara

New contact info:

Kara W. Swanson, J.D., Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Earle Mack School of Law
Drexel University
3320 Market St.
Philadelphia, PA 19104
215-571-4737

Published in: on February 1, 2010 at 9:02 am  Leave a Comment  
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